Labex Serenade

Background and goals

LabEx SERENADE stands for Laboratory of Excellence for Safe(r) Ecodesign Research and Education applied to NAnomaterial DEvelopment and it is a Safe by Design project.

Laboratories of Excellence are part of the french program "Investissements d’avenir". In 2012, 71 LabEx have been selected through 2 calls for projects addressed to higher education and research institutions. It gives a 8 years financial support to scientific initiatives like the Labex SERENADE.

SERENADE is a partnership between french and foreign academic institutions and also industrial companies. It is carried by the OSU Pythéas and especially by the CEREGE [1] "Nanomaterials, waste and pollutants" group, which studies nanotechnologies implications and applications as part of its research areas.

[1] CEREGE (Centre Européen de Recherche et d’Enseignement des Géosciences de l’Environnement) : a research unit under the tutorship of AMU, CNRS, IRD and Collège de France.

    Scientific and societal issues

    Nanomaterials yet represent a first plan technological breakthrough and are expected to bring innovative applications by 2020. However, it is also commonly accepted that nanomaterials have to carry out several societal challenges like sustainability and acceptance before they could be transferred from the research labs to industry and finally to the end-consumer. Manufacturers are now expected to includes safety considerations since the design first steps and during the entire production of new-generation nanomaterials. 

     

    Context : 

    ♦ Commercialized nanomaterial/nanoproducts

    * ŸDiversity of commercial applications  - Economic strengt : Nano Effect
     

    nanoEffect.tiff

    Ÿ* Evidences of adverse effects
    Ÿ
    •Inflammation and the formation of granulomas (Poland et al., 2008)
    •Nano-CeO2 are genotoxic to human cells (Auffan et al, 2009).
    •Nano-ZnO toxic to human cells (oxidant injury, excitation of inflammation, and cell death) (Xia et al, 2008).
    •Etc …

     Necessity of an eco-design approach 

    ♦ Nanomaterials v.s nanoproducts

    In many cases nanomaterials are modified to be incorporated in products. Confusion between nanoparticles and nanomaterials...

     

    ♦ Nanomaterials exposure

    SERENADE does not focus only on the design phase, but addresses nanosafety during the entire life cycle of nanoproducts.

     

    Goals

    SERENADE aims to create a dynamic network of academic research laboratories and industries to design tomorrow’s nanomaterials that will be safer for both humans and the environment. The Labex lead both research and education programs to fulfill three main goals :

    • to develop products made of nanomaterials or nanostructured materials incorporating socio-environmental constraints (exposure and risk) throughout the life cycle,
    • to design and optimize parameters controls that allow companies placing their products in the market.,
    • to develop innovative processes about products end of life : recycling, wastes, effluents and superficial waters treatment.

    Toward new generation of nanomaterials